Shell & Tube Type

U Tube

Internal Floating Head

Pull Through Floating Head

Falling Film Excahnger / Evaperoators

Liquid Cooler & Condenser

Hair Pin / Double Pipe


A Shell and Tube heat exchanger

Shell and tube heat exchangers consist of a series of tubes. One set of these tubes contains the fluid that must be either heated or cooled. The second fluid runs over the tubes that are being heated or cooled so that it can either provide the heat or absorb the heat required.

A set of tubes is called the tube bundle and can be made up of several types of tubes: plain, longitudinally finned, etc.. Shell and Tube heat exchangers are typically used for high pressure applications (with pressures greater than 30 bar and temperatures greater than 260ºC. This is because the shell and tube heat exchangers are robust due to their shape.

There are several thermal design features that are to be taken into account when designing the tubes in the shell and tube heat exchangers. These include: